It acts as an appetizer and has stimulant effect on liver hence used in treatment of various liver ailments. Due to astringent nature it induces contraction of capillaries and reduces bleeding. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery and bleeding piles. It is effective in the treatment of chronic alcoholic syndrome. It is useful in treatment of remittent fevers. It acts as an anti-dote for poisons producing hallucinations and delirium due to its stimulant effect on nervous system.