When used in purified form it has stimulating and nourishing effect on nervous system hence used in neuromuscular disorders like paralysis. Its root and leaves are effective cough expectorants. External application with seed powder is used in treatment of hair loss, chronic ulcers and skin conditions. Decoction with leaves is used in mouth ulcers. When used in unpurified form and overdose, it produces poisonous effects. Note – Should always be used in purified form.