Panchamahabhoota


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In Jun 2000 OPL (Om Pharmaceutical Ltd) was certified as World’s first ISO 9001 Company. Company has a full flagged manufacturing unit at ‘Bangalore, Karnataka’

Bengaluru Plant- Foundation stone of this plant was laid in 1973. April 1975 saw the completion of a modernized full fledged plant at Bangalore. This plant has all the modern technologies for manufacturing of Asavarishtas. This is the plant designed to manufacture Asavarishtas at a mammoth capacity of 150,000 liters per month.

In 1979, Medicinal plant cultivation was started in Bangalore for captive consumption. Pilot studies were also conducted to determine the yield patterns of medicinal plants. Establishment of a herbarium at Bangalore plant was carried out for enhancing better quality herbs.


Panchamahabhoota 
पंचमहाभूत (Manifestation of creation)

Panchamahabhoota (पंचमहाभूत) is primarily the smallest particle of any substance in the universe solid, liquid or gaseous. It forms the basis of all living as well as non living things in this universe. Ayurved and all its allied branches are based on this very important principle. It says universe is composed of five basic cardinal elements namely, Pruthvi पृथ्वी (Earth), Jala जल (Water), Tej तेज (Fire), Vayu वायू (Air) and Aakash आकाश (Space) each having its own characteristics.

Differential characteristics of Mahabhootas (महाभूत) are as follows:

 

Mahabhoot / महाभूत

Unique Characteristic

Pruthvi पृथ्वी (Earth)

Kharatva खरत्व (Roughness)

Jala जल (Water)

Dravatva द्रवत्व (Liquidity)

Tej  तेज (Fire)

Ushnatva उष्णत्व (Heat)

Vayu वायू  (Air)

Chalatva चलत्व (Movement)

Aakash आकाश (Space)

Apratighat अप्रतिघात (Emptiness )


Though everything in universe is composed of all these five elements generally one is predominant and large in quantum hence substance is labeled accordingly as

i) Parthiv (पार्थिव)  

ii) Jaliya  (जलीय) 

iii) Taijas  (तेजस) 

iv) Vayavya  (वायव्य) 

v) Aakashiya  (आकाशीय)

For example, stone is labeled as Parthiv (पार्थिव) not because it is composed only of Earth but other elements are less in quantum as compared to the Pruthvi Mahabhoota (पृथ्वी महाभूत).

Concept of Panchamahabhoota (पंचमहाभूत)  forms the base of all other principles of Ayurved.

It’s a unique concept of Ayurvedic system of medicine. It symbolizes the digestive power of our body. The food we eat helps building our body. For this the food needs to be converted into the form in which it can be assimilated in the body. The physiological mechanism which is the driving force behind this conversion is called as Agni. This mechanism takes place at various levels during the entire process of digestion; depending on which Agnisare broadly divided into following categories.

1. Jatharagni (जाठराग्नि)

It is the Agni present in Digestive tract. It acts on ingested food, break it down and converts it into semi digested form (Aahar Rasa). Other Agnis act on this semi digested form to further convert it into the form easier to assimilate. Thus action of other Agnis does depend on Jatharagni. If there is problem at the level of Jatharagni, it affects the whole digestive mechanism.

2. Dhatvagni  (धात्वाग्नि)

These are the Agnis of each of the seven Dhatus. Such as Rasadhatvagni, Raktadhatvagni etc.

Food semi digested by Jatharagni travels all over the body through various channels. During this process Agni of each Dhatu acts on it producing factors for its own nourishment (Poshak Ansha), factors for nourishment of Updhatu and waste products.

Thus there are total seven Dhatvagis workings in the body. Dhatvagi has area of action limited to a particular Dhatu. For example Rakta dhatvagni acts only at the level of Rakta Dhatu.

3. Bhutagni  (भूताग्नि)

As we know our body is made up of five basic elements known as Panchamahabhoota. Ultimately the food we eat should be converted into the same Panchabhautik form for it to get assimilated. This action is under control of Bhutagi.

Thus there are total five Bhutagis one of each Mahabhoota. For example Parthivagni acts on Parthiv part of semi digested food and covert it into form ready to assimilate.

Agnis are further classified as follows

Samagni (समाग्नि)  -  Samagni digests the properly taken food in appropriate amount of time. This Agni denotes balance of all three Doshas

Vishamagni (विषमाग्नि)  - It is a type of Agni which some times digests the food properly, sometimes takes too long and sometimes digests the food quickly. Thus it is irregular in its course of action. Vishamagni is associated with Vata Dosha

Tikshnagi (तीक्ष्णाग्नि)  - This type of Agni digests any kind of food, in any quantity very quickly. Tikshnagi is associated with Pitta Dosha

Mandagni (मंदाग्नि ) - This type of Agni takes time to digest even the smallest quantity of food. Mandagni is associated with Kapha Dosha

Following chart denotes relation between Doshas and Agnis

                                           Dosha

                                                          ↓

         ------------------------------------------------------------

            ↓                                             ↓                                                      ↓

         Vata                                     Pitta                                                Kapha

    (Vishamagni)                        (Tikshnagi)                                   (Mandagni)

Vedas are the most ancient, classic texts known to mankind. There are four Vedas namely Rhugved, Yajurved, Samved and Atharvaved. It can be said that Ayurved - in written form - is first found in Vedas. In all of them, ‘Ashwini Kumar’ is famously mentioned as ‘Dev Vaidya ’ or ‘Ayurvedic Physicians of Gods'. Ayurved finds its mention in all the four Vedas - in one form or the other. Ayurved is elaborately explained in the last of the Vedas - Atharvaved which is the first Health Science. It is composed in a manner that would help humans understand  - their body as well as mind, explain the normal functions, the causes responsible for disturbance in the function, how to set disturbance right and also how to attain Moksha – a state where the Soul gets liberated. It also has detailed description of Principles of Ayruved, types of treatment along with elaborate explanation of over 200 medicinal plants. In addition to this, Atharvaved also encompasses the information of the body, various parts and organs along with important processes observed in a living human being like digestion, circulation, reproduction etc. Ayurved is therefore, considered Upaved of Atharvaved and is also named as 'Pancham Ved' or the fifth Ved.

In pre-independence era, it was the need of time to bring Ayurvedic Medicine to main stream along with Modern medicine which was the only medicine promoted by British Government. Even main leaders of Independence struggle were of same opinion.

For this to happen it was necessary to systemize the education system of Ayurvedic Medicine. At that time Ayurved was still taught and studied in traditional way mostly in families and through Guru-Shishya Parampara. There was neither the official Ayurvedic course nor the institution for Ayurvedic Medicine.

It was necessity of the time to establish an institute or College imparting official and systematic course in Ayurvedic medicine. Banaras Hindu University, commonly known as BHU founded in 1912 by Madan Mohan Malaviya initiated this process.

Taking inspiration from him 'Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ayurved Vidyalaya Samiti' (SDAVS) was established in 1940 with the aim of starting Ayurved College in Panvel. Many renowned vaidyas were students of this institution.

When in post independence era many Ayurvedic institutions were founded and Education of Ayurvedic medicine was finally systemized students from SDAVS were transferred to ‘Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Sion’

Today 'Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ayurved Vidyalaya Samiti' (SDAVS) is engaged in Reprinting and Publishing of old Ayurvedic text books and treatises to make them easily available and accessible to Ayurvedic physicians as well as students.

Its key publications include 'Ayurvediya Aushadhikaran' by Vd. Dhamankar and Vd. Gangadhar Puranik, and 'Ayurvediya Aushadhi Dravya Shodanvidhi' by Vd. Dhamankar.a


Today we live in the fast pacing world. Our life has become excessively complex which is exposing us to lot of Physical and Mental stress. It has made drastic changes in our Daily routine as well as Diet and is making us more and more suseptible to various diseases. This kind of life can give us Name, Fame and Wealth but we are paying for all these things by loosing something that is even more precious- our health.

Gautam Buddha has rightly said,

              Without health life is not life; it is only a state of langour and suffering – an image of death.

'My Ayurved' is our effort to put in front the three most important factors of our life which are Prakriti (Individual constitution), Diet and Lifestyle.

Ayurved is not just a theorotical Science but it has many practical applications which can make our day to day life much better. We believe 'My Ayurved' will help you in implementing these Principles of Ayurved in your everyday life.

Because,

Only disease-free life does not make it the Perfect Life. The perfect harmony between Body, Mind and above all the Soul will make it a Healthy Life.

Om Health Care Products - Is an organization committed to marketing of Ayurvedic formulations suitable for Global Consumers.

Om Vital Vertriebs GmbH -  Represents Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ltd. interest in EU.

SDAT - Is a registered trust dedicated to the cause of Ayurved. It is indulged in activities like Organic cultivation, Healthcare camps etc.

SDAVS - Is engaged in reprinting and publication of old Ayurvedic text books and treatise to make them easily available and accessible to Ayurvedic practioners as well as students.

SDARF - Has played main role in development of SDS (Shree Dhootapapeshwar Standards) to define own norms of Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ltd. for raw material as well as finished products.


Understanding of Science of Ayurved will be incomplete without having a complete understanding of Dravya (द्रव्य). Though Dravya (द्रव्य) in simple English can be called as Matter; it has much more depth than that. Broadly Dravya (द्रव्य) can be divided as

I) Karan Dravya  कारण द्रव्य - (Causal factors) which consists of the elements which are the building blocks for the formation of Karya Dravya कार्य द्रव्य. They are total nine in number including Panchamahabhoota पंचमहाभूत, Dik दिक् (Direction), Kaal काल (Time), Aatma आत्मा (Soul) and Mana मन (Mind)

II) Karya Dravyas  कार्य द्रव्य - (Effectual factors) are the Dravyas formed from Karan Dravyas which include all living, non living elements in the universe. For example, whole plant and animal kingdom as well as things which are of mineral origin come under karya Dravya

Karya Dravyas are further divided into three types depending on their action on most important body factors responsible for Health-The Dosha Vata, Pitta and Kapha for Practical use namely

  1. Shaman (शमन)- Dravyas that pacify the Doshas
  2. Kopan (कोपन) - Dravyas that aggravate the Doshas
  3. Swasthahita (स्वस्थहित) - Dravyas that keep the Doshas or other associated elements in equilibrium and maintain the health. 

Concept of Dik or Disha (दिशा)- Direction

Disha denotes the sense of direction. That is; East, West, North, South, etc. Disha is one of the indirect causal factors (Karan Dravya) in the formation of effectual factors (Karya Dravya). 

Concept of Kaal (काल) or Time

Word kaal has been used in many contexts in Ayurved. Mainly it has been used in relation with

  • Time of the day
  • Season
  • Disease state (Acute /Chronic)

It’s important as the diktats in the Ayurvedic texts gave the daily routine conduct as per the time of the day eg. exercise done at particular time of the day can deliver the desired effects but when done at wrong time can give rise to health problems.

Different doshas get vitiated in different seasons therefore guidelines for seasonal conduct help us to understand the difference we need to bring in as far as daily regime and diet are concerned.

Treatment in acute stage of the disease is different from that of chronic stage

Concept of Mana (मन) or Mind

The living body is composed not only of Physical substances but as per Ayurved it has certain other very important factors like Mana and Aatma. Let’s discuss Mana first which is a Unique concept of Ayurved.

Mana can be co-related with mind though concept of Mana is much broader than that of mind. Ayurvedic scholars always had very clear concept of mind. They say derivation of any knowledge in the world is the result of perfect coordination between senses i.e Indriya and mind i.e Mana.

It can be explained by a simple example. When we sit in a meeting, our sense of hearing and mind work in co-ordination. Sound waves which fall on our ear are grasped by our sense of hearing but derivation of knowledge comes only when mind act as coordinator between sense of hearing and brain. If our mind wonders here and there sounds or words are received but without understanding. The thinking process is controlled by mind with the help of intellect.

Ayurved scholars have categorized the Mana or Mind as follows

i) Satvik  ii) Rajasik and iii) Tamasik

Satwik (सात्विक)

Satvik is the adjective derived from the word ‘Satva’ which denotes all good qualities like Intellect, knowledge, gratitude, humbleness, obedience etc. Hence Person with satwik mind is faithful, honest, kind, generous, unselfish, calm, intelligent, cheerful and humble. He or she is mentally stable. They have lot of patience and do the things after careful thinking in systematic way.

Rajasik (राजसिक)

Rajasik is the adjective derived from the word ‘Raja’ which denotes qualities like anger, jealousy, hypocrisy, ungratefulness hence Person with Rajasik mind is very active, aggressive, short tempered, liar, anxious, egoistic, deceiving and Cruel. They have no patience and try to finish the things in rush. They have haphazard way of working.

Tamasik (तामसिक)

Tamasik is the adjective derived from the word ‘Tama’ which denotes qualities like laziness, lassitude, dejection, frightfulness, ignorance hence Person with Tamsik mind is atheist, lazy, ignorant, atrocious, wicked and always depressed. They tend to delay the work and have no sense of responsibility.

Basically every individual have characteristics of all three, temperament of an individual is labeled depending on the dominance of one of them.

Concept of Aatma (आत्मा ) (Soul)

It is again one of the unique concepts of Ayurved. Aatma can not be seen, felt or heard but its existence in the body means living and it’s exit defines the death of a living being.

Aatma or soul is the essence of life and the source of supreme knowledge. It is of two types namely.

Jivatma (जीवात्मा)  - It is the soul of an individual which differs from individual to individual.

Paramatma (परमात्मा)- It is the sole divine power in the universe and the source of absolute knowledge in the world.

At the time of death Jivatma liberates from the body without been seen or felt to get submerge in Paramatma.

Actually derivation of knowledge is the result of coordination between Aatma, Mana and Indriya which is explained in the following Shloka.

आत्मा मनस: संयुज्यते मन: इन्द्रियेण इन्द्रियार्थेण प्रत्यक्षं ज्ञानं प्रवर्तते |

For the perception of anything, Aatma (soul) should coordinate with Mana (Mind) which then should have proper connection with Indriya or sense (for example sense of hearing) and finally Indriya have to connect with its Artha or sensation (for example hearing sensation).

Ayurved is also found mentioned in ancient epics such as Ramayana and Mahabharata. These epics talk about skills of Ayurvedic Physicians as well as Medicinal herbs used by them; most famous example being that of ‘Sanjeevani ’ (a life saving herb) mentioned in Ramayana.
'Ramayana' scripted by Maharshi Valmiki is considered as the most ancient epic in the history of world literature. References of Ayurved can be found throughout this epic. Few of them are

   'Sanjeevani' the life saving herb
    Signs of life such as colour of skin, state of eyes in living person.
    It has mentioned many Medicinal plants Kutaj, Ashok, Arjun, Saptaparna which are used even today.
    Mention of Tail-Droni (Tub filled with oil) for preservation of corpse.

Mahabharata also has many references of Ayurved such as

Mention of two types of diseases Physical and Mental along with their causes.Mention of famous vaidyas in different specialties at that time like Krishnatreya who was a Physician. It has mentioned Shalihotra who was a specialist in diseases of horses, Kashyap who was specialist in treating snake poisoning. Basic principles of Ayurved such as Panchamahabhoota, Three types of mental constitutions (Satvik, Rajasik and Tamsik), Three doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) are also mentioned in Mahabharata along with diseases like Jwara (Fever) Detailed description of various types of Poisons, their effects on body as well as the appropriate antidotes for them.

Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ayurved Research Foundation was established in 1949 under chairmanship of Vaidya Venumadhav Shastri.

It is an organization dedicated to challenges concerning updating of the Ayurvedic tenets. Standardized, Authentic, Safe and Efficacious are the virtues this research foundation validates for Ayurvedic formulations. The challenge is to present Ayurvedic products, which have been in use for centuries on the firm footing to meet the demands of questioning scientists of the new millennium.

SDARF in 2001 developed Shree Dhootapapeshwar Standards to define own norms of Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ltd for raw material as well as finished products. Shree Dhootapapeshwar Standards (SDS) is a compilation of protocols that validates the classical Ayurvedic formulations to the expectations of Modern Medical Practitioners. Continuous updating and adaptation of modern Pharmaceutical technologies are hallmark of its mandate.

Ayurvedic remedies are increasingly being sought these days for the treatment of various ‘Life style disorders’. Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ayurvedic Research Foundation (SDARF) is responding to these requirements of the society and is working tirelessly in this direction.

Diet is basically the sum of the food consumed by organisms. All the organisms including humans eat to survive. But we should eat appropriate food to live healthy life.

Concept of Diet in Ayurved

Ayurved has always given immense importance to diet. Since it believes health of a person is defined by healthy digestive system and health of the digestive system depends on healthy eating habits. According to Ayurvedic system of medicine there are 8 factors (अष्ट आहारविधि विशेष आयतन) which have to be taken into consideration before consumption of any food or diet. They are as follows

Prakriti प्रकृति (Basic character of the food) - Before consuming any food we should know the basic character of the Dietary ingredient. As it defines how the food will be digested and assimilated in our body. For example 'kidney beans' have heavy character hence are difficult to digest.

Karan करण (Preparation) - These are the various treatments or processes done on the food to change the basic character of the Dietary ingredient up to certain extent. These processes include soaking, cooking, frying, roasting etc. For example rice grains have basically heavy character but when cooked with water become lighter and easier to digest.

Sanyog संयोग (Combination) - It is the combination of two or more Dietary ingredients. Combinations some times give rise to properties different from those possessed by individual food items. For example Fish and milk when consumed individually are good for health but when consumed in combination give rise to various disorders.

Rashi राशि (Quantity) - It is the quantity in which the food is consumed. It is measured in two ways; 1) Quantity of each Dietary ingredient and 2) Quantity of total diet consumed at any point of time.

Desh देश (Habitat) - It includes region where that particular Dietary ingredient is grown as well as the region to which person consuming that Dietary ingredient belongs. It is of extreme importance as the locally produced foods are easily assimilated in the body.

The concept of local food which is now very popular in western countries was known and practiced since thousands of years in Ayurvedic system of Medicine.

Kaal काल (Time) - It is with respect to disease state and season. Certain Dietary ingredients are salutary in certain disease states and certain seasons while others are not. For example consumption of foods with cold character should be forbidden in cold season, milk should be avoided in acute stage of fever.

Upyog Sanstha उपयोगसंस्था (Directions of use) - These are the rules and regulations which should be followed during food consumption. For example one should not eat before earlier food is digested.

Upyokta (user) उपयोक्ता  - Is the person who consumes the food. It’s perhaps the most important factor since salutary or unsatutary effects of diet depend on the individual consuming it.

Healthy eating habits according to Ayurved 

  1. One should always eat the food which is fresh and warm. Because fresh and warm food is more palatable and easy to digest
  2. One should always eat food which is soft and contains appropriate amount of oil in some or the other form.
  3. One should always eat in proper quantity that is not too full or too little.
  4. One should eat only when earlier meal is digested properly.
  5. One should not eat the foods with opposite characters. For example do not eat food with hot and cold character in combination. eg. milk and fish
  6. One should always eat in pleasant and hygienic place with proper cutlery appliances.
  7. One should not eat too quickly or too slowly.
  8. One should eat with his or her full concentration.
  9. One should eat according to his or her constitution, the food which is acceptable by the body which eventually will help in building the health.

The food which is consumed as per all the above rules is easily digested and assimilated in the body. This ultimately helps keeping ourselves healthy.

 The most important part that has to be noted here is that ancient Ayurvedic scholars have given equal importance to the things other than food such as place and appropriate use of cutlery which makes the food presentable and boosts person’s interest in eating which is an important factor in proper digestion and assimilation of food.

Tastes according to Ayurved

According to Ayurvedic system of medicine the complete diet is one which is composed of six Rasas or Tastes namely

 

1

 Madhura मधुर (Sweet)

4

 Katu कटु  (Pungent)

2

 Amla  अम्ल  (Sour)

5

 Tikta तिक्त (Bitter)

3

 Lavan लवण (Salty)

6

 Kashay कषाय (Astringent)


All these Rasas have their own properties, character and functions. Table below explains the relationship between Rasa and Dosha

 

Rasa

Dosha Pacified

Dosha Aggravated

Madhura मधुर

Vata, Pitta

Kapha

Amla  अम्ल

Vata

Pitta, Kapha

Lavan लवण

Vata

Kapha, Pitta

Katu कटु

Kapha

Vata, Pitta

Tikta तिक्त

Kapha, Pitta

Vata

Kashaya कषाय

Kapha, Pitta

Vata


Diet according to Dosha

 

Dosha

Diet

Vata वात

With Sweet, Sour, Salty tastes; warm and heavy in character, with more oil content.

Pitta पित्त

With Sweet, bitter tastes, astringents, Cold in character, more consumption of Ghee

Kapha कफ

With Pungent, bitter tastes, astringents, warm and light in character, with minimum oil content.


Diet for Vata Dosha

Vegetables

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Beet, Carrot, Onion, Garlic, Radish, Sweet potato, Ladies finger (Okra), Asparagus, Bottle gourd, Ridge gourd, Snake gourd

 

Cabbage, Cauliflower, Brinjal, Mushrooms, Peas, Sprouts, Tomatoes,  Potatoes, Bitter melon, Zucchini, Broccoli, Spinach, Lettuce

 

 
Fruits

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Banana, Coconut, Dates, Mangos, Apricots, Berries, Oranges, Papaya, Pineapples,Cherries, Grapefruit, Lemons, Plums. Sweet fruits

 

Dried fruits, Apples, Pears, Jamun, Sugar cane, Cranberry, Watermelon

 

 
Grains/ Pulses

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Oats, Rice, Wheat(Prefer whole cooked grains), Black gram

 

Brown rice, Corn, Millet, Rye, Bajra, Jawar, Moong, Bengal grams, Kidney beans, Green and Black peas

 

 
Spices

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Coriander seeds, Mint, Cardamom, Cumin seeds, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Asafetida, Nutmeg

 

Dried chili, spices when consumed in large quantum and for prolonged period

 

 
Others

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Ghee, Dairy products, Hot cereal and Soups

 

Crackers, Frozen foods, Raw vegetables, Salads

 

 
Diet for Pitta Dosha

 Vegetables

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Coriander, Broccoli, Green beans,  Lettuce, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Brinjal, Bottle gourd, Pumpkin

 

Garlic, Hot chilies, Onion, Spinach, Fenugreek, Tomato, Sprouts, Bitter melon, Capsicum, Fresh Ginger

 


 Fruits

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Coconut, Jamun, Pomegranate, Amla, Dark grapes, Sweet oranges, Pineapple, Prunes, Raisins, Guava, Banana

 

Sour and unripe fruits, Grapefruit, Papaya, Peach, Sour oranges, Lemon, Cherries, Apricot, Plums, Cashew

 

 
Grains/ Pulses

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Barley, Oats, Wheat, Rice, Jawar, Moong dal, Masoor

 

Corn, Millet, Rye, Hoarse gram, Pigeon beans, Kidney beans

 


 Spices

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

 

Coriander seeds, Mint, Cardamom, Cumin seeds, Cinnamon, Turmeric, Nutmeg, Funnel seeds, Clove

 

Mustered, black pepper, chili, Dried Ginger, Long pepper,

 


 Others

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Ghee, Desserts and Astringents. In dairy products Cottage cheese, Ghee, Milk

 

Oily, spicy food, Pickles, Vinegar, Fermentated food, In dairy products Buttermilk, Cheese and Yogurt (Curd).

 

 
Diet for Kapha Dosha

 Vegetables

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Amaranth, Bitter green vegetables, Brinjal, Peppers (Capsicum), Radish, Onion, Garlic, Snake gourd, Ridge gourd, Sprouts, Beets, Mushroom, Broccoli, Bitter melon

 

Sweet potato, Bottle gourd, Zucchini, Cucumber, Pumpkin, Lettuce, Lotus root

 


 Fruits

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Apple, Pears, Pomegranate, Dried figs, Prunes, Apricot Raisins, Berries, Cherries

 

Banana, Grapes, Lemon, Melons, Oranges, Pineapple, Papaya, Fresh figs, Cashew nut, Almonds, Guava

 

 
Grains/ Pulses

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Puffed rice and Corn, Jawar, Bajara, Laja (Puffed grains) Millet, Barley, Bengal gram, Red kidney beans, black, green peas

 

Soya, Kidney beans, Oats and New grains including Rice and wheat, Black gram,

 

 
Spices

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Turmeric, Dried Chilli, Black pepper, Cloves, Ginger, Carum seeds, Mint, Asafetida, Cinnamon, Cardamom, Cumin seeds, Mustered

 

Long pepper when young has kapha aggravating properties.

 

 
Others

 

Appropriate

Inappropriate

Food with minimum oil and ghee content, Salty, Astringent foods

 

Dairy products, Oily foods, Dessert, Ice creams, Fried food

 

 

Even after 5000 years, Ayurved is considered an important medical science by public and physicians alike. It is no surprise, therefore that the same range of products that was first manufactured by the company since inception still finds a prominent place in  prescriptions of many Vaidyas. The goodwill of the group under Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ltd. has been earned through the consistent quality production of these very useful Ayurvedic formulations keeping the changing needs of the Ayurvedic physicians, general masses as well as the world community in mind.

In the post independence era, the company launched many branded Ayurvedic formulations which today have become the household names among millions of Indians. Shilapravang, Drakshovin are some of the pioneering brands that have established themselves deep in the minds of Ayurvedic practitioners.

Ayurved relies very much on the exact process required to make the particular formulation to get the benefits of the raw material used. Over the years the production capacities have been given the benefit of modern machines and technological advancement but the basic spirit and processing remains unchanged. Faster and cheaper have never been the key guiding points for enabling change in production operations.

The company believes that marketing quality products is a challenge in itself and therefore has hired professional advertisers and publicists to build a strong and truthful communication to bring people towards Ayurved.

Our Chairman
Mr. Anand Puranik
Himself a Pharma graduate Mr. Anand Puranik joined the company as OSD in 1961. From 1967 he has been guiding ‘Shree Dhootapapeshwar Group of Companies' as Managing Director and as Chairman since 1995.

Our MD (Managing Director)
Mr. Ranjit Puranik
In 1993, Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ltd. got a dynamic personality in the form of Mr. Ranjit Puranik as a Project Manager. He since 1998 as the Chief Executive Officer & since 2017 as the Managing Director is taking the company to greater and greater heights.


दोष धातु मल मूलं हि शरीरम् |
 

Dosha, Dhatu and Mala are the building blocks of our body and together they carry out all physical and physiological activities in the body.

प्रकृति आरंभकत्वे सति दुष्टि कर्तृत्वं दोषत्वम् |

Factors which are initiating components in defining Individual Constitution and at the same time act as biological forces which have the capacity to vitiate any other substance or body ingredients like Dhatus, Malas and so on are called as Dosha’s.

Dosha is a Sanskrit word derived as; Dushyanti iti Dosha i.e one with the capacity to vitiate other components. These are three in number hence famously known as Tridosha

Dosha’s are further divided into

  1. Sharir Dosha which are Vata, Pitta and Kapha
  2. Manasik Dosha which are Raja and Tama

Vata  वात   - It’s a Sanskrit word derived as 'Va Gatigadhanyoriti Dhatu'  meaning the one which is the initiator of movement and enthusiasm.

Pitta, kapha and other components like Mala and Dhatu are completely dependant on Vata. Vata influence their physiology as well as functions.

Important Functions of Vata-

  • It supports all the organs of the body
  • It controls each and every movement in the body including respiratory, cardiac and intestinal movements
  • It conjugates with the mind and controls all its actions.
  • It stimulates all the senses (Indriya) in the body to perform their respective functions
  • It’s an originator force behind speech, sense of touch and hearing.
  • It’s the source of enthusiasm in the body.
  • It stimulates the Agni or digestive power of the body.
  • It promotes the process of excretion of waste products from the body.
  • It makes the passage into every channel of the body.
  • It is responsible for the cell division and even for the formation of child in the womb from the fertilized Ovum.

Pitta पित्त - It is a Sanskrit word derived as 'Tap Santape'  which symbolizes heat in the body. Thus all the actions and reactions requiring heat are under influence of Pitta.

Important functions of Pitta

  • It stimulates the process of digestion in the body
  • It maintains the vision
  • It controls the body temperature
  • It controls complexion and luster of the skin
  • It is the driving force behind physical and mental activities like bravery, pleasure and delight as well as fright, anger and giddiness
  • It influences intellect especially the grasping power and recollection of memory.

Kapha कफ- Another word for kapha is shleshma. It’s a Sanskrit word derived from Shlish-aalingane’  that is the substance which binds the body substances together.

Important functions of Kapha

  • It maintains stability and built up of body
  • It gives strength to the body
  • It provides required lubrication in joints and keep them strong
  • It controls capacity of sexual activity
  • It enhances power of retention of knowledge thereby influencing intellect.
  •  It has calming effect on mind

These are the three Sharir Doshas which get vitiated due to certain specific reasons and have capacity to vitiate the other constituents of the body. They are present in the body right from the birth to death. In fact the percentile presence of Doshas, at the time of conjugation of sperm and ovum remains constant and determines the Prakriti or Individual constitution of the new born.

Though Doshas give rise to diseases in the body when vitiated, they are of immense importance for physical and physiological functioning and maintenance of the body and body systems.

Mansik Dosha’s are i) Raja रज  and ii) Tama तम  their expressions in the body is similar to Rajasik and Tamasik Temperament respectively, which are described while explaining mind.

The tradition of Ayurved goes thousands of years back. In earlier times, transfer of Ayurvedic knowledge was only through verbal communication between ‘Guru ’ or the enlightened Teacher and Shishya or the Student. This continued for years till the script came into existence. The first written Ayurved text is believed to be ‘Sushrut Tantra’ which was available in 2000B.C. It is said to be about 4000 yrs old as per the geological interpretation. Here are some of most followed texts of Ayurvedic Medicine.

Charak Samhita   चरक संहिता

Charak Samhita available today has been completed in three steps. It started with Agnivesha the student of Aacharya Aatreya. He scripted a treatise known as ‘Agnivesh Tantra’ somewhere in 1000B.C, in which he has explained various subjects of Ayurved in the form of concise quotes. Aacharya Charaka did the elaboration of these quotes in Agnivesh Tantra. He prepared mainly in prose changing its total appearance but not the ethos or the content. After this till the date this book is known as 'Charak Samhita' which dates back to 100 A.D. Third reformation was done by Aacharya Dridhabal (400 A.D.) who added the topics which were missing from Charak Samhita available at that time. This treatise is recognized as the first systematically documented text of Ayurvedic Medicine.

Attributes of Charak Samhita
Charak Samhita is considered as the epic text of Kayachikitsa or Internal Medicine. Along with basic Principles of Ayurved, it has detailed description of number of diseases, methods of diagnosis and treatment modalities. Pachakarma, the specialty branch of Ayurved recognized all over the world today, has been thoroughly described in terms of techniques it uses, to whom it should be given, by whom and how, its benefits and untoward effects if not properly used and remedies for the same have also been described. It has classified the medicinal herbs for the first time based on its action. It has classified the things used in day to day diet such as vegetables, grains, legumes, dairy products, etc. and has described properties of each of them along with the preparation and form in which it should be used.

Sushrut Samhita   सुश्रुत संहिता

Sushrut Samhita available today has been completed in four steps. Vriddha Sushrut, a student of Lord Dhanvantari himself has scripted ‘Sushrut-tantra’ around the period of 2000 B.C. The second revision was done by Aacharya Sushrut in 200 A.D. who added the topics like treatment of war time diseases (Sainik Chikitsa), methods of water purification, protection of kingdom, etc. After this revision it came to be known as ‘Sushrut Samhita’. The third reformation was done by Aacharya Nagarjuna in 500 A.D. who added Uttartantra which was not there in earlier version. The last editing was done by Aacharya Chandrat in 1000 A.D who made text corrections to then available version of Sushrut Samhita and added topics which were of practical importance during his time.

Attributes of Sushrut Samhita
Sushrut Samhita represents the school of Surgery in Ayurved. It has introduced some of the new topics which were not covered in earlier texts such as detailed description of instruments used for surgery, various types of bandages, surgical techniques and detailed description of diseases of ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat). It has explained in great detail about various types of poisons, their effects on the body and their antidotes.
Surgeries done by Aacharya Sushruta more than 2000 years ago still beats modern day doctors. In those days he did eye, ear surgeries, various plastic surgeries including rhinoplasty. That is why Sushruta is known as Father of surgery.

Ashtanga Sangraha   अष्टांग संग्रह

Aacharya Vagbhat (400 A.D.) combined the topics from Charak Samhita and Sushrut Samhita to produce a concise prose composition known as Ashtang Sangraha. This text consists of topics from Internal medicine (Kaychikitsa) as well as from surgery (Shalyachikitsa).
'Ashtang Sangraha' is based on Practical Approach. It has included the topics of current interest which are written in a language easy to comprehend even for the persons with medium intellect.

Ashtanga Hridayam   अष्टांग हृदय

Astang Hridayam (400 to 600 A.D) is a treatise written in a manner that could be remembered easily as it is less prose and poetic in nature. It has made studying Ayurved even easier. It initiated many new trends. Currently it is perhaps the most followed and practiced text book of Ayurved.

Madhav Nidan (700 A.D.)   माधव निदान

It is a composition that deals with the ‘Nidan’ or Pathology aspects of Ayruved wherein the diseases right from the causes to the etio-pathology and the consequent complications along with permanent deformities, if any, are explained in the great detail by keeping disease pathology (Nidan) as core subject. This book has given very practical tips for understanding disease pathology and making the diagnosis. It has explained the topics in easy and concise form. It has included description of some new diseases which were not mentioned in earlier texts.

Sharangdhar Samhita (1300 A.D.)   शार्ङगधर संहिता

It is considered as one of the comparitively recent literatures in Ayurved which mainly deals with ‘Panchakashay Kalpana’ and its practical application in the field of Ayurvedic Pharmacy. It is written in compact form and to the point. It started many new and practical trends in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Some of them are as follows
Nadi Pariksha(Pulse diagnosis), Inclusion on some of the medicinal plants for the first time eg. Opium, Cannabis as well as some poisonous plants and animal products. Detailed description of medicinal formulation containing minerals and metals eg. Bhasma, Rasakalpa etc.

Bhavaprakash (1600 A.D.)   भावप्रकाश

It is very descriptive text book of Ayurvedic medicine. It is famous for its ‘Nighantu ’ Part which has classified and described over 600 medicinal plants. It has included many new herbs which were not the natives of India but had been brought by foreigners. By 16th century some of the herbs described in ancient texts like Charak and Sushrut Samhita were becoming rare so Bhavaprakash has given the list of herbs having similar properties which can be used as replacement to those which are not available or have become extinct.
It has explained some of the diseases not mentioned in earlier texts such as Phirang (Syphilis) which were perhaps brought by foreign encroachment.

Kashyap Samhita   काश्यप संहिता

This Samhita mainly deals with Kaumarbhritya Tantra (Pediatrics). Though some part of it is lost over the years; it is perhaps the oldest treatise available which is mainly devoted to Kaumarbhritya loosely translated as Pediatrics. It has detailed description of various pediatric diseases and methods of treatment. In addition to this it talks about topics such as appropriate toys for kids, qualities of the nanny, etc.

Coming soon...

        
Six
Seasons

 

Seasons

English seasons

English months

Hindu months

Hemant (हेमंत)

Early winter

Mid Nov to Mid January

Margashish-Paush

 (मार्गशीष - पौष)

Shishir (शिशिर)

Late Winter

Mid January to Mid March

Magh-Phalgun 

(माघ फाल्गुन)

Vasant (वसंत)

Spring

Mid March to Mid May

Chaitra-Vaishakh 

(चैत्र  - वैशाख)

Greeshma (ग्रीष्म)

Summer

Mid May to Mid July

Jeshta-Aashadh  

(ज्येष्ठ - आषाढ)

Varsha (वर्षा)

Mansoon

Mid July to Mid Sep

Shravan-Bhadrapad 

(श्रावण - भाद्रपद)

Sharad (शरद)

Autumn

Mid Sep to Mid Nov

Ashwin-Kartik   

(श्विन -  कार्तिक)

 

Doshas undergo seasonal variation with change in the season. Certain Dosha is aggravated in particular season while other is pacified. One should always try to maintain the equilibrium of Doshas to protect themselves from diseases due to seasonal variation.

The seasonal variation in Doshas

 

Dosha

Accumulation (Chaya) चय

Aggravation(Prakopa)प्रकोप

Pacification (Prasham) प्रशम

Vata (वात)

Greeshma  (ग्रीष्म)

Varsha (वर्षा)

Sharad  (शरद)

Pitta पित्त

Varsha  (वर्षा)

Sharad  (शरद)

Hemant  (हेमंत)

Kapha कफ

Hemant,Shishir  (हेमंत, शिशिर)

Vasant (वसंत)

Greeshma (ग्रीष्म)

 
Seasonal diet and Conduct

Hemant/ Shishir (हेमंत / शिशिर)

In this season the Agni (digestive activity) becomes more powerful. Increased 'Vata' gets obstructed from going out due to cold weather outside and is accumulated inside the body. This 'Vata' boosts the Agni (digestive activity) and increases the hunger as food is digested quickly. If not controlled it can result in digestion of our own body tissues.

Diet Regimen

Food with Sweet, sour and salty taste and heavy character should preferably be consumed which would help reducing the 'Vata'. As Agni or digestive activity is increased, dietary ingredients which are otherwise heavy to digest such as meat with heavy fat content, all dairy products, preparations made from new grains are easily digested.

Vasant  (वसंत)

In this season, 'Kapha' accumulated in earlier season (Shishir) is liquified by heat of the sun which results in diminished Agni (digestive activity). Diseases with 'Kapha' dominance are common in this season.

Diet regimen

In this season digestive activity is diminished as such hence easily digestible food with astringent, bitter and pungent properties should preferably be consumed. It would help reducing increased Kapha and normalizing the Agni (Digestive activity)

Consumption of Barley, honey, roasted meat; mango juice is advisable.

Beverages such as Asava (Fermented infusion), Arista (Fermented decoction), Sidhu (Fermented sugarcane juice) and honey mixed with water. Water boiled with extracts of chandan (Sandal wood).

Greeshma  (ग्रीष्म)

In this season, due to increased heat  'Kapha' decreases and 'Vata' increases day by day resulting in accumulation of 'Vata'. Agni or digestive activity is moderate in this season.

Diet regimen

Dietary ingredients which are Sweet, easy to digest and have significant amount of fatty content in one or the other form should preferably be taken. More consumption of liquid is advisable.

Consumption of Boiled rice with meat, Cornflour, Curd (yoghurt) is advisable.

Panak, Panchsara (syrup prepared with Draksha (Grapes), Madhuka, Kharjur (Date), Kashmarya and Parushuka fruits all in equal quantity with cardamom powder) are advisable for drinking due to their cooling character.

Varsha  (वर्षा)

In this season Agni (digestive activity) weakens further and gets vitiated by doshas especially 'Vata'. Hence all methods to mitigate doshas and measures to enhance digestive activity should be adopted. Dietary ingredients which are sour and salty in taste with singnificant amount of oil content should preferably be consumed.

Diet Regimen

Easily digestible food to be taken.

Pulses, meat juice, soups, old grains and mastu (thin water above yoghurt) are advisable.

Sharad  (शरद)

Sudden exposure to sunlight after cold season aggravates Pitta. Hence diseases with Pitta dominance are common occurence in this season.

Diet Regimen

Dietary ingredients which are sweet and bitter it taste, are easy to digest and with cold character should preferably be consumed in diet. It will control aggravated Pitta.

Take easily digestible food like rice, green gram, aamla, honey and sugar.

Avoid heavy food with heavy character.

Seasonal Conduct Table

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Seasons

Vegetable

Fruits

Grains/Pulses

Spices

Others

 Behavior

Hemant/Shishir    (Winter)

 

Green vegetables with little bitter taste, Amaranth, Spinach, Fenugreek, Brinjal, Capsicum, Radish, Onion, Sprouts, Beet root, Drumstick, Bitter melon, Garlic, Ginger

 

Pomegranate, Aamla, Berries, Apple, Pears, Lime, Apricot

 

Rice, Millet, Bajara, Wheat, Sorghum, Black gram, Chick peas, Red kidney Beans, Fava beans, Hoarse gram

Cumin seeds, Mustard seeds, Red and green chilies, Cinnamon, Nutmeg, Carum seeds, Clove, Turmeric

Oil, Dairy products, Jaggery, Saffron Sugar, Meat with more fat content

 

Regular massages with oils on the body, as well as on head, Sauna, living in warm places, always wear warm cloths of leather and wool, drink warm water, regular exercise is recommended

 

Vasant (Spring)

 

Spinach, Fenugreek, Bitter melon, Garlic Ginger, Onion, Radish, Green beans, Broccoli, Peas, Beetroot, Pointed gourd (Parval), Ridge gourd, Elephant yam

 

Pomegranate, Apple, Pear, Oranges, Berries,Lime

 

Puffed rice, Millet, Bajara, Wheat, Barley, Moong, Masoor, Jawar

 

Cumin seeds, Mustard seeds, Red and green chilies, Cinnamon, Nutmeg, Carum seeds, Clove, Turmeric

 

Ghee, Honey, warm milk, Butter-milk, Saffron

 

Regular exercise, dry body massage, bath with warm water, application of aromatic and cooling substances like sandal on the body. Sleeping during the day time should be strictly avoided.

 

Greeshma (Summer)

 

Dill, Ladies finger (Okra), Onion, Garlic, Sunthi (Dry ginger), Bottle gourd, Fenugreek, Asparagus, Beets, Coriander, Sweet potato

 

Resins, Dates, Mango, Pomegranate, Lime, Lemon, Melons, Banana, Coconut, Grapefruit, Oranges, Papaya, Pineapples, Guava, Jackfruit, Fig, Kokam

Rice, Corn, wheat,  Sorghum, Masoor

 

Turmeric, Fenugreek seeds, Cinnamon, Nutmeg, Asafetida

 

Ghee, Oil, all dairy products except curd, drinks made from substances having cooling character like khus, lemon grass

 

Anoint body with cool substances like chandan, prefer cold water for drinking and bathing, stay in cool places, wear light color clothing. Sleeping during the day time is sometimes acceptable

 

Varsha (Monsoon)

 

Asparagus, Dill, Green beans, Coriander, Pumpkin, Lettuce, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Zucchini, Snake gourd (padwal), Bottle gourd (Dudhi), Carrots, Sweet potato

 

Resins, Dates, Mango, Pomegranate, Dark grapes, Sweet oranges, Plums, Apple, Fig, Almonds, Cashew nuts,

 

Rice, Bajara, Oats, wheat, Barley, Moong,

 

Turmeric, Cinnamon, Nutmeg, Cumin seeds, Fennel seeds, Cardamom, Asafetida

 

Honey, Ghee, Oil, salty and sour substances

 

Going out it the rain should be avoided, sleeping during the day time is forbidden. Drinking of filtered water is advisable,  Staying in less humid places, Regular exercise is acceptable but excessive should be avoided

 

Sharad (Autumn)

 

Asparagus, Dill, Cucumber, Zucchini, Cabbage, Green beans, Coriander , Pumpkin, Bottle gourd, Coriander, Cucumber, Brinjal, Okra, Ridge gourd, Sweet potato

 

Jamun, pomegranate, Aamla, Dates, Coconut, Grapes, Custard apple, Kokam

 

Wheat, barley and Rice, Kidney beans, Fava beans, Moath beans

 

Fennel seeds, Cardamom, Cumin seeds, Coriander seeds

 

Milk, Cottage cheese, Ghee medicated with bitter substances

External application of substances with cooling character like sandal. Bath with warm water, avoid exposure to sun, sleeping during the day time is forbidden. Blood donation is advisable.

Located at Panvel, Maharashtra since 1872, Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ltd. has also been famous by the name of 'Panvel Company'. Large scale manufacturing of various Ayurvedic formulations like Bhasma, Rasayanas, Arka, Avaleha, and other Ayurvedic specialty products  of the company originated from this site.

Spread over the total area of 7 acres, the plant has modern gadgets for up scaling of 7traditional methodology without compromising on the basic ethos of Ayurvediya Aushadhikaran that is Manufacturing of Ayurvedic Medicine at Industrial level.

Even today many specialized Ayurvedic Generic dosage forms like Bhasma, Rasakalpa, Guti-Vati and so on continue to be manufactured from here.


धारणात् धातव: ||

 The components which act as building blocks of the body are known as Dhatus.

These are the substances which support the body physically as well as physiologically.  Strength and normalcy of the body depends on state and health of Dhatus. They are seven in number and have specific functions in the body. It is the perfect maintenance of the quantum of Dhatus which help maintaining the structure and function of the body. Following table explains the Dhatus and their respective characteristic function 

 

  Dhatu

  Cab be loosely correlated to

  Function

  Rasa रस

  Plasma

  Preenan प्रीणन ( Nourishment)

  Rakta रक्त

  Blood

  Jeevan जीवन ( Life and Revival)

  Mamsa मांस

  Muscle

  Lepan लेपन (Coating )

  Meda मेद

  Fat

  Snehan स्नेहन ( Lubrication)

  Ashthi अस्थी

  Bones

  Dharan धारण  ( Support)

  Majja मज्जा

  Bone marrow

  Pooran पुरण ( Filling )

  Shukra शुक्र

  Sexual hormones, Sperm/ Ovum

  Garbhotpadan गर्भोत्पादन( Reproduction)


Concept of Upadhatu ( उपधातु )

Upadhatu are the elements produced as a result of action of Dhatvagni on each Dhatu. Upadhatus are consider as secondary building blocks of the body as their functions depend on normalcy of Dhatus from which they are produced

Following table explains Dhatus and their individual Upadhatus. Abnormalities in them indicate disorders related to the Dhatus from which they are produced.

Following table gives Dhatus and their respective Upadhatus 

 

  Dhatu  धातु

  Upadhatu  उपधातु

  Rasa रस

  Stanya  स्तन्य (Breast milk)

  Rakta रक्त

  Raja रज (Menstrual blood)

  Mansa मांस

  Vasa वसा (Fatty material)

  Meda मेद

  Sweda स्वेद (Sweat)

  Asthi अस्थी

  Daat दांत (Teeth )

  Majja मज्जा

  Kesh केश (Hair)

  Shukra शुक्र

  Oja ओज


Concept of Oja

ओज: तु तेजो धातुनां शुक्रान्तां परं स्मृतम् |

हृदयस्थमपि व्यापि देहस्थितिनिबंन्धनम् ||

Oja is the essence of all the Dhatus. It is basically situated in heart but has influence on whole body. It is one of most important element for sustaining life.

Aacharya Sharangdhar has mentioned Oja as an Upadhatu of Shukradhatu.

हिताहितं सुखं दु:खं आयुस्तस्य हिताहितम् |

मानं च तच्च यत्रोक्तं आयुर्वेद: स उच्यते ||

Ayurved is a science which illustrates life, lifespan along with things and actions which are favorable for life and those which are unfavorable for life.

Ayurved is a word composed of two words namely; Ayu or Life and Ved or to Know. Thus in simple language, the word Ayurved means a way of understanding life. But Ayurved runs much deeper than that. It encompasses the knowledge of things around us including plant and animal kingdom as well as things of mineral origin.

The strength of Ayurved lies in its strong base formed by the principles which are universal and are not bound by passage of time.

Ayurved, being not only a health science but a complete philosophy of life, takes care of  well-being of not only the material component of the body but also the non-material components of our lives that is our consciousness, mind, thoughts and emotions.

Ayu in Ayurved means life, which can be interpreted as an intelligent co-ordination of Atma आत्मा (the soul), Mana मन (the mind), Indriya इंद्रिय (the senses) and Sharira शरीर (the body). Ayurved envisages and helps to achieve a balanced and integrated relationship of these most important constituents that make up life. Imbalance in any of these can lead to unhealthy state.

Ayurved aims at

प्रयोजनं चास्य स्वस्थस्य स्वास्थ्य रक्षणं आतुरस्य विकार प्रशमनं च |

Motive behind Ayurvedic system of medicine is maintaining the health of a healthy person and relieving sufferings of unhealthy person.

Colossal shift towards modernity keeping the traditions intact

Renovision - Renewing your vision with times

Traditional bases in modern form

A continued quest for cutting edge technology optimized for quality first

Because we strongly believe,

The past was great no doubt, but I sincerely believe that the future will be more glorious still.


                                                                                                                    Swami Vivekanand

OM Vital Vertriebs GmbH. represents Shree Dhootapapeshawar Ltd interests in the EU. They are importers, distributors and marketers of the brand ‘Aashwamedh’.

OM Vital with their expertise and experience are able partners to market this range in the challenging EU environment.

The simple English meaning of the word Mala is 'Waste Products' of the body. However the Ayurvedic meaning is much more deep and useful to understand the real function of mala.

Though these are called Waste Products, their role in body’s normal functioning is unquestionable and very important. It took modern medical science long time to realize but now every laboratory does Stool and Urine examination for diagnosis. Ayurved knew it from thousands of years. Ayurved has explained three Malas or waste products which are excreted in visible form they are Purish (Stool), Mutra (Urine) and Sweda (Sweat). In addition to these Malas Ayurved has explained seven Malas of seven Dhatus. This is the unique concept of Ayurvedic system of medicine which gives a different dimension to diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Malas can have adverse effects on body functioning, if not excreted properly and remain in the body for long time. There are three main Malas, which have big influence on physiology of the body. They are as follows

i) Purish पुरीष  (Stool)

ii) Mutra  मूत्र  (Urine)

iii) Sweda स्वेद (Sweat)

Concept of Dhatu Mala’s (धातू मल)

Each Dhatu produces Upadhatu and Mala i.e waste product after action of Agni on them. Dhatu Malas are the substances visible outside the body in various forms such as Nails which is  Mala of Asthi Dhatu.

Knowledge about these Malas is of immense importance for precise diagnosis and deciding on the apppropriate line of treatment.  For example Deformity of nails denotes disorder related to Asthi Dhatu.

Malas of each Dhatu

 

Dhatu

Dhatu malas

Rasa

Coating on tongue and mucosa of mouth

Rakta

Bile

Mamsa

Wax of ear

Meda

Sticky substances in nose, on teeth, arm pit and sexual parts

Asthi

Nails

Majja

Sticky substance of eye

Shukra

Oilyness and acni on the face

 

Shalyatantra (शल्यतंत्र) – This branch of Ayurved deals mainly with surgical techniques, surgical instruments including scalpels, scopes, various types of bandages etc. It has some innovative techniques which are still unknown to Modern doctors such as use of caustic threads for treatment of fistula (ksharsutra). Plastic surgeries were first performed by Ayurvedic Surgens.

Shalakyatantra  (शालाक्यतंत्र) – This is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which deals with the treatment of diseases above neck region. It has described in detail diseases of ear, nose, throat, eye, even teeth along with methods of treatment. It has mentioned eye surgeries as well.

Kayachikitsa (कायचिकित्सा) – It is the branch of Ayurved which deals with Internal medicine. It has discussed both physical and psychological disorders, their methods of diagnosis and their treatment options. It talks about preventive aspect as well with description of diurnal and seasonal conduct.

Bhutavidya (भूतविद्या) – It is the branch of Ayurved which deals with non-medicinal methods of treatment. It includes various religious rituals and prayers. It is mainly used in connection with psychological disorders.

Kaumarbhritya (कौमारभृत्यतंत्र) – It is the branch of Ayurved which deals with Paediatrics. It has talked about Paediatric diseases and methods of treatment. In addition to this, it talks about other aspects such as appropriate toys for kids, selection of nanny, etc.

Agadatantra (अगदतंत्र) It is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which talks about poisonous effects of various toxins from plant as well as animal origin and their antidotes.

Rasayantantra (रसायनतंत्र)  – It is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which talks about methods of controlling aging factors and various ways of rejuvenation. It has given various medicinal formulations with potential for rejuvenation.

Vajikaran (वाजिकरण) – It is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which deals with aphrodisiacs. It has described various methods and medicinal formulations for the treatment of Infertility, sexual dysfunctions, etc.

Ever since human race came into existence, the necessity and imperativeness to remain Healthy and have long Life was understood well. To this end, man developed various methods and practiced them. As these were practiced, the ways and means to cure the ailments were also developed.

Over the years, these practices turned into different ‘Systems of Medicine’. Today we can identify many such ‘Systems of Medicine’ or ‘Medical Sciences’.

The origin of Ayurved, can however be traced back to more than 5,000 years. The Science that originated basically to guide the mankind to live a long healthy life, also dealt with the reasons for Health to get affected and goes on to suggest means to keep the body as well as mind in the best possible state. The methodologies and substances that can help the body and mind get into the best of health, if the health has taken a beating - due to various reasons like improper diet, behavior, mental set-up so on - are also elaborated. It’s a Science that has stood the test of time, a Science that has been preached and practiced for generations. Excavations by Archeologists have revealed that there were three World famous Universities teaching Ayurved – all located in ancient India, namely ‘Takshasheela’, ‘Vikramsheela’ and ‘Nalanda’. Students from all over the world studied in these universities and through them, the Principles of Ayurved spread to many other countries. Other Systems of Medicine developed taking inspiration from Ayurved that was learnt by foreign students from India and carried all over the World. Ayurved, therefore can be considered – in true sense – the ‘Mother of all Medical Sciences’

Vaidya Gangadharshastri Puranik took reins of the company in his hands in 1933. In the same year he and his younger brother Shree Mahadevshastri Puranik established ‘Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ayurved Trust’ in memory of their late father Shree Vishnushastri Puranik. This trust gave funds for the research work on basic principles of Ayurvedic Medicine.

The trust in 1934 started a 30 bed Ayurvedic Hospital named ‘Ayurved Rugnalaya’. For next 50 years many Ayurvedic doctors provided their services to the society through this hospital. Today 'Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ayurved Trust' is a registered trust dedicated to the cause of Ayurved. Its activities touch diverse fields such as organic cultivation, free healthcare camps and liaisons with Ayurvedic fraternity. 'Shree Dhootapapeshwar Ayurved Research Foundation' is located at Panvel, Maharashtra and is carrying out various activities.

Vd. Krishnashastri Puranik

(1839 - 1905)

Vd. Krishnashastri Puranik (1839-1905) was a renowned and established Ayurvedic Physician practising at Panvel. This was an era when individual Ayurvedic Physicians were on rise, away from established Guru Shishya Parampara. One day at his clinic an incident happened which sparked the birth of a great enterprise. A prescription given by him was wrongly dispensed by an incompetent compounder.

 

Vd. Vishnushastri Puranik

(1864-1914)

In 1893 Vd. Krishnashastri Puranik handed over the responsibility of 'Shree Dhootapapeshwar 2Aryoaushadhi Karkhana' to his son Vd. Vishnushastri Puranik (1864-1914). He was a visionary and believed in extensive healing powers of Ayurved. However at that time the reach of Ayurved was limited to making traditional medicines which was a lengthy process.

 

Vd. Gangadhar Vishnu Puranik

(1907-1980)

In 1933 Vd. Gangadhar Vishnu Puranik (1907-1980) took the reins of the company. By then India was changing; communication facilities were improved and Shree Dhootapapeshwar goodwill was recognized in far of lands. Illustrious leaders of the independence struggle like Mahatma Gandhi and leading Ayurvedic practitioners visited the factory.

 

 
Criteria: Vata   Pitta   Kapha  
BodySmall, roughMedium, strongSmooth, oily, gentle
PhysiqueThin, weakMedium, tenderHeavy, Attractive, tender
SkinDry, rough, thin, scalySoft, reddishSoft, oily, thick
ComplexionDarkReddish, with spots, moles and pimplesFair
HairRough, drySoft, brownish, thinSoft, oily, thick
NailsCracked, darkReddish, sharpWhitish, soft, shining
TeethSmall size, Irregular, cracked, with gapsMedium size, sometimes with discolorationLarge size, white, regular
GumsDry, weakSoft, tenderSoft, strong
JointsWeak, make cracking sound on movementFlaccid, laxStrong, stable
ActivitiesHyperactiveModerateSlow, measured
SleepIrregular, disturbedModerateSound, deep
AppetiteIrregularHeavy, UncontrollableLess but Regular
ThirstIrregularExcessiveLess
Preferred tastesSweet, Sour, SaltySweet, Bitter, AstringentPungent, Bitter and Astringent
Bowel habitsUsually Constipated, dark color stoolsLoose, yellowish stoolsSemisolid stools with regular bowel habits
Cold toleranceVery less tolerancePrefer cold conditionsMedium tolerance
SweatingLessMore, foul smellingLess
EyesDry, drooping lidsModerate size, reddishBig, clear vision
Voice/ SpeechStammering, weakHigh pitchDeep rooted, strong
ConcentrationVery lowMediumGood
IntelligenceGood Grasping power but poor memoryGood grasping power with medium memoryGood memory and retention power
NatureConfused, Vivacious, anxious, frightfulHot and short tempered, impatient, passionateCalm and Quiet with lot of patience